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If your student is struggling with knowing how to correctly read words like cap vs. cape, kit vs. kite, and tub vs. tube, then this video is for you. Today’s video will teach the silent e or sneaky e phonics rule so that your student’s short and long vowel confusion will be over and his or her reading skills will improve. The silent e or sneaky e phonics rule states that the e at the end of a word does not make a sound, meaning it’s silent, but it sneaks and makes the first vowel in the word say its own name, meaning it changes that vowel’s sound from short to long vowel sound.
The word pattern that is usually affected by the silent e phonics rule is the Consonant Vowel Consonant lowercase e or the CVCe word pattern. An example of this word pattern is the word bike. The b is a consonant, I is a vowel, k is a consonant, and the e is the silent e. Therefore, the word is not pronounced bic, but it is pronounced b-i-k-e, bike because the e changes the I to a long vowel sound. It says its own name. Let’s look at this example. The word T-A-P. If we add the silent e to the word, the e changes the a from a short a sound which is a, to long a, so the new word is T-A-P-E, tape.
Here is a short rhyme that I created that will help your student remember the silent e or sneaky e phonics rule.
Silent e is quiet as can be,
But changes the first vowel’s sound sneakily.
From short to long sound to say its name,
Yes, silent e is the vowel to blame!
Of course there are exceptions to rules, so words like love, have, and above do not follow the silent e or sneaky e phonics rule. These words are referred to as sight words, meaning they are words that are memorized and recognized as a whole by sight without using any types of phonics rules or strategies.
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