The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, a part of the African Diaspora, was the forcible movement of African people to the Americas from the 1450s to 1800s. A vast majority of the African people were taken from central and western parts of Africa and loaded on European slave ships as the work force for the land and its people. According to The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database Voyages website, Brazil was the largest slave destination in the Americas, with the Caribbean island ports coming in second place. Over 12 million Africans were dispersed, and about 4% of them were transported to North America.
In the map to the right you can see the route of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade to the Americas.
Slavery was not an uncommon practice for Africans, as they played a direct role in the buying and trading of slaves with Europeans. The inhumane treatment of the people as being subhuman was not common. The African slaves were treated as property instead of humans, and experienced beatings and mistreatment from the seamen, captains, and slave owners. However, their plights of despair began long before they arrived to the Americas. The conditions that the Africans experienced on the slave ships to the Americas were horrible. Those that died suffered from diseases and malnutrition while traveling. Families were separated, cultural identities were stripped, and the African people were dispersed into countries with the uncertainty of whether they would ever see their native lands again.
For more information about the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, click here for more information.
Share your thoughts in the comments below about how you think the Africans felt when traveling on the ships or unloading in the Americas.